Unleashing the youth vote: Power California’s Luis Sánchez is bringing 25 years’ experience mobilizing young people to the polls this November — along with thousands of new voters
Esmeralda Fabián Romero | October 22, 2018
*Updated Oct. 22
Luis Sánchez has spent 25 years mobilizing young people in Los Angeles and across California to fight for educational justice, from gaining equal access to a more rigorous curriculum to reducing suspension rates. But he has learned that to release their real power, they need to vote.
“If their generation doesn’t vote, if we lose them as voters for the next 15 years, we’re going to go in the wrong direction as a state and as a nation,” he said. “We want young people to fully embrace their power.”
Sánchez is working hard to make sure young Californians vote now, so their impact will be felt in the midterm elections.
The organization he founded, Power California, has been responsible in large part for the record number of 200,000 16- and 17-years-olds who have pre-registered to vote in the last two years. Power California, a civic engagement coalition of 25 organizations that mobilizes young voters of color, has pre-registered nearly a quarter of that total — 50,000 — including 25,000 in Los Angeles. Two-thirds of those high school-age youth will be able to vote this November.
Activating young voters for these midterm elections is urgent, Sánchez says, because studies show that if young people vote in two consecutive elections, they are more likely to become voters for life. “But if a young person does not register to vote and vote in that first election, they will actually disengage for over a decade.”
Direct contact with young people is a key strategy for Power California, which has found that youth need to be reached through the devices they use most: their phones.
“We were calling them on their cell phones, doing social media ads directed at them as voters, and we were texting them. Our model showed that we were actually able to increase, with first-time voters in the state, voting by 20 percent in the 2016 election,” he said.
If the Latino turnout in the midterm elections is disappointing, lack of direct contact could be a reason. The New York Times reported this week that 55 percent of Latinos nationwide say they have not yet been contacted by a political campaign this year, whether by email, mail, phone or in person, according to a recent survey by Latinos Decision, a polling firm.
Despite being the largest ethnic group in California and making up nearly half of the population in Los Angeles, Latinos have not yet proven to be the political force their numbers would suggest.
“Ninety-five percent of Latino children under 18 are citizens in California. We have to convert that into political power,” Sánchez said. “We need to focus on the next generation so that they actually get involved and begin to change the trend of (voter) turnout.”
Part of Sánchez’s strategy is reaching the children of immigrants — like he was growing up in East Los Angeles.
Sánchez, 43, was born in LA, but his parents are immigrants from México. He and his siblings were the first in their family to go to college and the first voters in the family. He said that most young people who have registered to vote in these elections are first-generation voters.
He wants his children to start their civic engagement long before he did. He has two children with his wife María Brenes, the executive director of East Los Angeles-based InnerCity Struggle, which is also the first Latino-youth empowerment organization Sánchez founded.
Sánchez said that nearly 60 percent of all youth under 25 years old in California have at least one immigrant parent in their household, which is why immigration ranked as their top concern in a survey Power California commissioned over the summer.
“The future of California is both youth of color, and they are largely children of immigrants,” he said. “There’s not a tradition of voting for immigrant families. For many children of immigrants, these midterm elections will be the first time to vote. We have to educate them on things like you don’t need an ID to be able to vote and to remind them exactly where and how.”
LESSONS LEARNED IN LAUSD
Sánchez has spent a quarter-century working with the immigrant community in East Los Angeles, first through Innercity Struggle, then running the 2006 school board campaign for Mónica García, who is now board president.
After her win, he decided to leave InnerCity Struggle and join García’s office as her chief of staff, “partly because it was an opportunity to change policy at LAUSD from equal access to A-G (college-prep courses) to other equity issues.” He worked on decreasing suspension rates and opening access for all students to the A-G curriculum, a series of high school courses that are required for eligibility for the state’s four-year public universities.
But it was during his own run for office in 2011 that he learned how important it is to reach young voters. In fact, he co-founded Power California, along with Aparna Shah, in 2016 to put into practice the insights he gained when he narrowly lost to Bennett Kayser for the District 5 seat on LA Unified’s school board.
He learned that when young voters are engaged, historically low voter turnout can dramatically spike. That’s what happened in East LA, when partway through his campaign he began to target young voters.
“We realized young people’s vote (in the primary) was the lowest ever in a school board election in Los Angeles. Historically, turnout in East LA for every school board election going back 10 years had always been less than 1 percent.”
But when he started to engage East LA youth as he campaigned in the runoff election, the trend changed: “That election showed a 12 percent turnout.”
“No one was working with young voters of color” in 2011, “50 percent of whom were not even registered to vote. What I learned from what we did in East LA is that we can get young people involved in elections, especially when you talk to them about the issues that matter to them.”
Less than 21 DAYS until the one of the most critical elections of our time. Young ppl across CA are putting in work to make sure our voices&votes count. Register to vote TODAY @ https://t.co/WM6bGmA9au. Join the hundreds of thousands of young ppl #ReadyToVote on Nov. 6 pic.twitter.com/JfEarkVr3d
— Power California (@PowerCANow) October 16, 2018
WHAT MATTERS TO YOUNG CALIFORNIANS
To find out what mattered to the state’s youth, over the summer Power California commissioned a survey of 2,000 young people of color in the state between the ages of 16 and 24 about their civic engagement. Results of the survey, conducted with funding from the California Endowment, showed that 72 percent of 18- to 24-year-olds say they will “definitely” vote in November, and 82 percent said that voting makes a difference.
Their top issues were immigration, housing, the environment and education. Half the respondents considered themselves part of the Black Lives Matter movement, LGBTQ Equality, and Undocumented and Unafraid social movements.
“They are living in a time of racism that we haven’t seen since when I was growing up … and now we have Trump attacking our communities,”Sánchez said. “I hate that it is happening like this, but at the same time I think this is why we are reaching record numbers of people registering to vote in California.”
California’s voter registration last month reached an all-time record of more than 19 million people; that’s 1.5 million more than in the 2014 midterm election. As of Sept. 7, nearly 76 percent of Californians eligible to vote had registered, the largest share in September since the 1996 presidential election, which had 77 percent, according to the office of California’s Secretary of State Alex Padilla. The next report on voter registration will be released Nov. 2. Monday was the last day to register to vote in the state for the midterm elections.
Today. Is. The. Day. The California voter registration deadline is here! Register yourself and your friends to vote at https://t.co/t4XpQi2U9p and make sure you’re ready for the November General Election #VoteCalifornia pic.twitter.com/Ij4zLqSsqd
— CA SOS Vote (@CASOSvote) October 22, 2018
MOBILIZING STUDENTS IN LOS ANGELES
Part of Power California’s success in pre-registering so many teens has been its partnership with LA Unified, the largest school district in the state. Power California supported an LA Unified school board resolution unanimously approved in August that committed the district to promote civic engagement among its high school students. The resolution declared Sept. 25 as High School Voter Registration Day, which the district marked with an event at Polytechnic High School.
Sánchez said Polytechnic alone has pre-registered 1,300 students in the last year and a half. He said part of why the students there feel motivated is because they have been educated about why their vote is so important. “They know they will be voting for a new governor, for a new state superintendent, new sheriffs, and they now know how critical that is.”
“This is the school we have been working closely with for the last couple years, working with students and some teachers at the campus. We pushed for that resolution to pass, and now we are working to pass a similar resolution at other school districts” throughout California, said Sánchez, who was not an LA Unified student and attended Catholic schools.
On Wednesday, Power California is hosting a “Ready To Vote Party” in partnership with LA Unified and the Los Angeles County Registrar’s office in Norwalk. Students from seven LA high schools will be part of about 400 young people who are already registered and pre-registered to vote in the upcoming elections who will cast their ballots at the event.
— LA School Report (@LASchoolReport) October 22, 2018
Sánchez said that ahead of the midterm elections, Power California aims to call every young person in Los Angeles and Orange counties, the Central Valley and Riverside and across the state to encourage them and help them vote.
Young people need to be mobilized and know what it means to vote, to be a voter, Sánchez said. “They need to know where to vote, what time, what are the rules and regulations.”
He feels optimistic about the numbers. The 200,000 16- and 17-year-olds who have pre-registered to vote in the last two years could very well bring home a bigger impact in November, compared to the last midterm election in 2014, when only 285,000 of all young voters 18 to 24 actually voted.
“There’s an amazing energy around all these movements that are happening, but we can’t take it for granted. It needs to translate into political power.”
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*This article has been updated to correct that Sánchez and his older brother and sisters were all first in their family to go to college and to vote.