Report sounds alarm on CA teacher shortage, offers solutions
Craig Clough | January 21, 2016
California’s teacher shortage is only going to grow more problematic unless the state takes action, according to a new report from the Learning Policy Institute.
“Our analysis shows California on a trajectory that, if left unchecked, will likely result in increased teacher shortages and greater inequities among students in different communities,” Linda Darling-Hammond, LPI President and the report’s lead author, said in a statement. “This will seriously hamper the state’s effort to implement more challenging new learning standards. Teacher recruitment and retention strategies will be critical to stem the shortages and keep current state reforms on track.”
The report finds the teacher shortage is biggest in the subjects of mathematics, science, and special education and noted that in the 2014-15 school year, districts projected a need for 4,500 special education teachers while only 2,200 new special education credentials were issued.
The report also noted an increase in temporary permits, waivers and intern credentials issued and that students of color and in poorer schools were mostly likely to be impacted by the shortage.
“The students most affected by teacher shortages are the same ones the state has prioritized for increased funding through California’s new state funding formula,” Roberta Furger, an LPI senior writer, said in a statement.
The shortage comes at time that the state has been increasing the education budget. With more money on hand, some districts are looking to bring their staffs back to pre-recession levels, but the state has a long way to go before it reaches a basic level of student-to-teacher ratio, the report states.
“Just to return to pre-Great Recession levels, school districts in the state would need to hire 60,000 new teachers,” said LPI researcher Leib Sucher. “Reducing the student-teacher ratios to the national average would require hiring a total of 135,000 additional teachers beyond the current teaching force of around 300,000.”
The report also makes policy suggestions, including:
- Reinstate the CalTeach program, which helped recruit teachers from colleges, other careers, and other states; provided them information about how to become credentialed; and directed them to preparation programs and districts so that entry into the profession was made simpler and more supported.
- Create incentives to attract diverse, talented individuals to teach in high-need locations and fields by funding candidates who prepare and teach in such schools and subject areas.
- Create innovative pipelines into teaching, such as high school career pathways and Grow-Your-Own teacher preparation models, which encourage and support young people and others to go into teaching in their own communities.
- Increase access to high-quality preparation programs that support teacher success in high-need districts and fields.
- Ensure that all beginning teachers have access to a high-quality support and mentoring program that can reduce early attrition and enhance competence, such as is available through well-designed Beginning Teacher Support and Assessment programs.
- Provide incentives that support teachers’ ability to stay in or re-enter the profession through strategies like mortgage guarantees for housing, ease of credential renewal, streamlined reciprocity with other states, and opportunities to continue teaching and mentoring after retirement.